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Common signs and symptoms of GERD include:

If you have nighttime acid reflux, you might also experience:


When you swallow, a circular band of muscle around the bottom of your esophagus (lower esophageal sphincter) relaxes to allow food and liquid to flow into your stomach. Then the sphincter closes again. If the sphincter does not relax as it should or it weakens, stomach acid can flow back into your esophagus. This constant backwash of acid irritates the lining of your esophagus, often causing it to become inflamed.

Risk factors

Conditions that can increase your risk of GERD include:

Factors that can aggravate acid reflux include:


Over time, chronic inflammation in your esophagus can cause:

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