Geo Clinics

Pilonidal Sinus Treatment


Pilonidal Sinus Treatment

A pilonidal cyst is an abnormal pocket in the skin that usually contains
hair and skin debris. A pilonidal cyst is almost always located near the
tailbone at the top of the cleft of the buttocks.


When it’s infected, a pilonidal cyst becomes a swollen mass (abscess). Signs and symptoms of an infected pilonidal cyst include:


The exact cause of pilonidal cysts isn’t clear. But most pilonidal cysts appear to be caused by loose hairs that penetrate the skin.
Friction and pressure — skin rubbing against skin, tight clothing, bicycling, long periods of sitting or similar factors — force the
hair down into skin. Responding to the hair as a foreign substance, the body creates a cyst around the hair.

This explanation accounts for rare cases of pilonidal cysts that occur in parts of the body other than near the tailbone. For
example, barbers, dog groomers and sheep shearers have developed pilonidal cysts in the skin between fingers.

Risk factors


To help prevent pilonidal cysts, try to:


People with obesity are more likely to develop a number of potentially serious health problems, including:

After surgery, your doctor may choose to:

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